Situation of Human Rights of the Indigenous and Tribal Peoples of the Pan-Amazon Region
In its report, the Commission lays down the context for the complex transformations that are impacting the Pan-Amazon region. The human rights of communities there have been affected by laws, public policies, and practices focused mainly on expanding the frontiers of land eligible for natural-resource extraction and for infrastructure megaprojects, which puts pressure on the ancestral lands of indigenous and Afro-descendant peoples. As noted in the report, the current panorama involves oil and gas exploitation, mining, forest development, use of genetic resources, dam and oil/gas pipeline construction, industrial fisheries and agriculture, and tourism, as well as the establishment of protected areas and national parks. All this is done without prior consultation of the indigenous peoples and communities in the area, endangering these peoples’ physical and cultural survival as well as their environment.